Collection, Identification and Characterization of Indigenous Fruits in Benguet and Mountain Province

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Araceli G. Ladilad Franklin G. Bawang Fernando R. Gonzales Silvestre L. Kudan Alma C. Antonio-Amado


Survey and collection of indigenous fruits that are abundantly found in twelve municipalities of Benguet and four municipalities in Mountain Province were conducted from July 2008 to June 2009. These fruits were found abundant in the study sites and are eaten by the people. Parameters considered were habit, phenology and morphological characteristics such as plant height, stem, leaf, flower and fruit characteristics.

The method of propagation and their ethno botanical uses were likewise included. Degway (Suararia sp) is the tallest indigenous fruit tree while Gumbayas (Physalis peruviana) is the shortest. Kamias (Averrhoa balimbi) has the biggest stem diameter while Masaprula (Passiflora edulis) has the thinnest stems; and six have sap on their stems/trunks. All have odorless green leaves; while eight plants have hairs on their leaves. Eleven have small flowers that are fragrant at full bloom. All have medium sized fruits with sweet aroma and taste. Mabolo (Diospyrus edulis) and Masaprula (Passiflora edulis) were the biggest fruits;while the smallest was the fruits of Ayosip (Vaccinum corymbosum) and Bugnay (Antidesma bunius). Flowering is usually during the summer months. Propagation is done by seeds, or by stem cuttings, marcotting and layering. The fruits are collected for fresh consumption or processed into jams/jellies or wine/juice. Some have medicinal uses and are used as firewood, for making handicraft and as used as ornamental plants.

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