Nutritional and Blood Pressure Profile and Its Correlates: The Case of Benguet State University Employees, Philippines

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Imelda O. Degay Sherilyn B. Balauro Ma. Alice P. Torres


Experts have identified the increasing trend of overnutrition  and are recommending the implementation of an appropriate  nutrition action plan based on sound and extensive research  data. In support of this, the study evaluated the nutritional  status and blood pressure of employees in Benguet State  University vis-a-vis their work performance ratings, as part of  developing a nutritional plan for the agency. Body Mass Index  (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) were  used as indicators of the nutritional status. A self-administered  questionnaire was used to gather the socioeconomic profile of  the 116 randomly selected employees. The majority were in their  peak of productive years, females, non-teaching, college graduates,  co-breadwinners, have served for >10 years, and are of  outstanding work performance based on the University’s  performance evaluation instrument. The analysis revealed that  half of the employees had normal body mass indices, the rest  being overweight (42%), and obese (8%). Mean waist  circumference and waist-hip ratio, however, did not indicate abdominal adiposity. Only one-fifth (20%) had blood pressure  readings within the normal range despite the use of medications.  Education, religion, and family income were correlated with  BMI. Sex and household size were associated with WHR while  sex and family income correlate with high blood pressure.  Work  performance rating, on the other hand, did not correlate  significantly with the nutritional status of the employees. The  study hopes that these data will help guide the crafting of a  holistic wellness program of the University to avert overweight,  obesity,  and  high  blood  pressure.

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