Morphological Fitness Profile and the Prevalence of Hypertension and Diabetes among Benguet State University Employees

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Eduardo P. Laconsay Florence V. Poltic


Morphologic fitness reflects the quality of health and wellbeing hence, as key to lifelong vitality and longevity. The study assessed the morphological fitness of BSU employees using (BMI), body fat percentage (BFP), and Waist Circumference (WC). Measurements generated are sex-disaggregated data of anthropometry according to sex and age; the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors: hypertension, overweight/ obesity, and diabetes, and the association between HPN and diabetes among overweight/obese employees. The study is a descriptive cross-sectional survey that involved 325 employees. Results indicate that employees are obese class 1; Sex is a risk factor for BFP and WC, where females had higher BFP while males have higher WC. Age directly relates to BMI, BFP, and WC. The prevalent cardiovascular risk factors are overweight/obesity (82%) HPN (17.5%), diabetes (3.38%). The prevalence of HPN among overweight/obese is 17.28% and 27% respectively and 7.1% and 7.69% among the non-obese. The odds ratio is 2.71 for males and 4.44 for females. The prevalence of diabetes among overweight/obese is 14.28% and 3.7% respectively and 1% and 2.5% among the non-obese. The odds ratio is 17 for males and 1.5 for females. The risk factor demonstrated is obesity which can be managed through lifestyle modifications for a better quality of life.

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