Stress, Anxiety, Depression Levels and Coping Mechanisms of Students and Teachers: A School-based Population Survey

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Karryl Mae C. Ngina Ann Heather B. Kiwang Lance Angelo B. Layugan


This research looked into the COVID-19 pandemic's impact on the mental health of educational stakeholders of a higher education community in the Cordillera for the school year 20202021. It specifically investigated the experience of stress, anxiety, and depression among 129 teachers and 919 students through a population-based online survey with open-ended questions. Findings revealed that teachers and students experienced more negative emotions during the first six months of the pandemic (31% of teachers; 47% of students), which decreased over the ensuing six months (21% of teachers; 40% of students). Health concerns (82%), dealing with students (78%), and designing the delivery of learning materials in the new normal (76%) emerged as the top stressors for teachers. Academic difficulties (89%), boredom and lack of routine (70%), and lack of finances (67%) are the top stressors for students. For anxiety symptoms, panic attacks (47% of teachers, 43% of students) and feelings of agitation (37% of teachers, 31% of students) were high. For depression symptoms, thoughts about death are high for teachers (64%) and students (59%). For their coping mechanism, 70% to 82% of teachers turned to their family and friends, while 55% to 72% of students turned to gadget use, internet surfing, and sleep. The new normal of doing things brought a source of stress for both teachers and students.

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