Main Article Content
The study evaluated the market chain of white corn in Pidigan and Bangued, Abra in order to identify market-based solutions to constraints and opportunities in the market chain. A combined descriptive qualitative and quantitative research design was used in the study. Six major actors namely, farmers, assembler-agents, assembler-wholesalers, assembler-trucker-wholesalers, truckerwholesalers, and processors, were identified in the white corn market chain. Buyers or traders have critical roles that are advantageous to the farmers. Production is mostly led by men while marketing is mostly performed by women. The farmer is the most disadvantaged actor compared to other actors in terms of profit received. The farmer has a lower profit share than the trader if the farmer sells their produce as dehusked. Pests, low price of corn, and low quality of farmer produce are the major problems encountered by the market actors. Farmers can sell their produce directly to the processor thru collective marketing but multi-disciplinary technical assistance is needed. Agro-enterprise opportunities in white corn production can be a) consolidation and marketing of white corn including value-adding activities such as shelling, drying, and transporting; and b) white corn seed production by seed producer groups comprised of farmer groups or progressive individual farmers.
Bureau of Agricultural Statistics. (2011). Marketing Costs Structure White Corn. http://184.108.40.206/sites/default/files/marketing_cost_whitecorndec2011.pdf.
Crawford, I. (1997). Agricultural and Food Marketing Management. https://www.fao.org/3/w3240e/w3240e00.htm.
Department of Agriculture. (2019). Corn Road Map. DA – Cordillera Administrative Region – Corn and Cassava Program.
De Leon, Dr. (2014). Corn Cobs Turn into Alternative Fertilizer. https://www.bar.gov.ph/index.php/ press-room/news-and-events/5539-corn-cobsturn-into-alternative-fertilizer.
De Lucia, M. & D. Assennato. (1994). Corn Drying. http://www.fao.org/3/t0522e/T0522E08.htm.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (1992). Maize in Human Nutrition. http://www.fao.org/3/t0395e/T0395E04.htm.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. (2009). Value-added Activity. https://financial-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Value-Added+Activities.
Gerpacio, R.V., Labios, J.D., Labios, R.V., & Diangkinay, E.I. (2004). Maize in the Philippines: Production Systems, Constraints, and Research Priorities. Mexico, D.F.: CIMMYT.
Heiniger, R. (2018). The Impact of Early Drought on Corn Yield. https://corn.ces.ncsu.edu/cornproduction-information/the-impact-of-earlydrought-on-corn-yield/.
Lundy, M., Gottret, M.V., Ostertag, C., Best, R., & Ferris, S. (2008). Participatory Market Chain Analysis for Smallholder Producers. Baltimore, USA, Catholic Relief Services. https://www.crs.org/sites/default/files/tools-research/participatory-market-chain-analysis-for-smallholderproducers.pdf.
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2018). 1st Semester 2018 Crop Production of CAR. http://rssocar.psa. gov.ph/agriculture-releases/1st%20Semester%20 2018%20Crop%20Production%20of%20CAR.
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2019). Palay and Corn: Volume of Production by Ecosystem/ Croptype, by Quarter, by Semester, by Region, and by Province, 1987-2019 by Ecosystem/ Croptype, Geolocation, Year, and Period. http://openstat.psa.gov.ph/.
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2019). Palay and Corn: Area Harvested by Ecosystem/Crop type, by Quarter, by Semester, by Region and by Province, 1987-2019 by Ecosystem/Crop type, Geolocation, Year and Period. http://openstat.psa.gov.ph/.
Twin, A. (2020). Marketing. https://www.investopedia.com/terms/m/marketing.asp.
Wandscheider, T. S., Shaun, F., Kim yen, N.T., & Vanon, T. (2012). A Guide to Rapid Market Appraisal (RMA) for Agricultural Products. https://www.crs.org/sites/default/files/toolsresearch/guide-to-rapid-market-appraisal-foragricultural-products.pdf.