School-Based Management in Benguet, Philippines: Its Impact to Quality Improvement among Public Secondary School Heads

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Percyveranda A. Lubrica Imelda G. Parcasio Jingle P. Cuevas Manolita N. Alvaro Alma Vida G. Gallardo Ruth S. Batani


Experts agree that there is a need for continuous evaluation  and upgrading for school-based management (SMB) to be fully  realized. In the Philippines, there had been few attempts at  the national level but in-depth, localized evaluation is being  recommended. Hence, this study was conceptualized to  document and determine the effect of SMB on the school  heads’ governance of secondary school in Benguet, Philippines.  The study employed both quantitative method (structured  survey) and qualitative method (focused group discussion and  interviews). Results showed that the use of SMB by school  heads is a key factor in effectively running the school system.  Manifestations of these are observed in the very satisfactory  application of the SMB knowledge and skills in school  governance with minimal support and guidance from their  superiors. In addition, the school heads’ extent of application of the acquired SBM knowledge and skills have influenced their  capability in school governance. However, the school heads  expressed developmental needs to further their management  skills. Such results imply a substantial realization on the  implementation of SMB in secondary schools embarking on  institutionalizing quality improvement measures in all program  areas  as  mandated  in  their  respective  school  systems

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